|Product name||ethyl acetate|
|Other names||Ethyl ethanoate|
|Identified uses||For industry use only. Food additives -> Flavoring Agents|
|Uses advised against||no data available|
|Company||MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.|
|Address||Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road, |
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
|Emergency phone number||+86-400-6021-666|
|Service hours||Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).|
Flammable liquids, Category 2
Eye irritation, Category 2
Specific target organ toxicity – single exposure, Category 32.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements
|Signal word|| |
|Hazard statement(s)|| |
H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour
H319 Causes serious eye irritation
H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness
P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.
P233 Keep container tightly closed.
P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.
P242 Use non-sparking tools.
P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P337+P313 If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.
P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.
P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P405 Store locked up.
P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...
none3.Composition/information on ingredients 3.1 Substances
|Chemical name||Common names and synonyms||CAS number||EC number||Concentration|
|ethyl acetate||ethyl acetate||141-78-6||none||100%|
Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.If inhaled
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.In case of skin contact
Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.In case of eye contact
Rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible).If swallowed
Rinse mouth. Seek medical attention if you feel unwell.4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed
Headache, irritation of respiratory passages and eyes, dizziness and nausea, weakness, loss of consciousness. (USCG, 1999)4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary
Immediate first aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand-valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR as necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. /Esters and related compounds/5.Fire-fighting measures 5.1 Extinguishing media Suitable extinguishing media
Cool exposed containers with water.5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical
Excerpt from ERG Guide 129 [Flammable Liquids (Water-Miscible / Noxious)]: HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Those substances designated with a (P) may polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water. (ERG, 2016)5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters
Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.6.Accidental release measures 6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.6.2 Environmental precautions
Remove all ignition sources. Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up
ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES. Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures: Use personal protective equipment. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Remove all sources of ignition. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Beware of vapours accumulating to form explosive concentrations. Vapours can accumulate in low areas.; Environmental precautions: Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains.; Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up: Contain spillage, and then collect with an electrically protected vacuum cleaner or by wet-brushing and place in container for disposal according to local regulations.7.Handling and storage 7.1 Precautions for safe handling
Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 22.214.171.124 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases and strong acids.Keep tightly closed in cool place.8.Exposure controls/personal protection 8.1 Control parameters Occupational Exposure limit values
Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hour Time-Weighted Average: 400 ppm (1400 mg/cu m).Biological limit values
no data available8.2 Appropriate engineering controls
Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE) Eye/face protection
Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).Skin protection
Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.Respiratory protection
Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.Thermal hazards
no data available9.Physical and chemical properties
|Physical state||Colorless liquid|
|Odour||CHARACTERISTIC ETHER-LIKE ODOR REMINISCENT OF PINEAPPLE.|
|Melting point/ freezing point||285°C(dec.)(lit.)|
|Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range||76.5-77.5°C(lit.)|
|Flammability||Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 22.78°C and BP at or above 37.78°C.Highly flammable.|
|Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit||Lower 2.2%; upper 11.5% by volume in air|
|Decomposition temperature||no data available|
|pH||no data available|
|Kinematic viscosity||0.423 mPa.s at 25°C|
|Solubility||In water:80 g/L (20 ºC)|
|Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value)||log Kow = 0.73|
|Vapour pressure||73 mm Hg ( 20 °C)|
|Density and/or relative density||0.902g/mLat 25°C(lit.)|
|Relative vapour density||3 (20 °C, vs air)|
|Particle characteristics||no data available|
no data available10.2 Chemical stability
Slowly decomp by moisture.10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions
A very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame.The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.ETHYL ACETATE is also sensitive to heat. On prolonged storage, materials containing similar functional groups have formed explosive peroxides. This chemical may ignite or explode with lithium aluminum hydride. It may also ignite with potassium tert-butoxide. It is incompatible with nitrates, strong alkalis and strong acids. It will attack some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings. It is incompatible with oxidizers such as hydrogen peroxide, nitric acid, perchloric acid and chromium trioxide. Violent reactions occur with chlorosulfonic acid. . SOCl2 reacts with esters, such as ethyl acetate, forming toxic SO2 gas and water soluble/toxic acyl chlorides, catalyzed by Fe or Zn (Spagnuolo, C.J. et al. 1992. Chemical and Engineering News 70(22):2.).10.4 Conditions to avoid
no data available10.5 Incompatible materials
... can react vigorously with oxidizing materials ... Potentially explosive reaction with lithium tetrahydroaluminate. Ignites on contact with potassium teri-butoxide. Violent reaction with chlorosulfonic acid, (LiAIH2 + 2-chloromethyl furan), oleum.10.6 Hazardous decomposition products
When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.11.Toxicological information Acute toxicity
- Oral: LD50 Rat oral 11.3 mL/kg
- Inhalation: LC50 Mouse inhalation 1500 ppm/4hr
- Dermal: no data available
no data availableSerious eye damage/irritation
no data availableRespiratory or skin sensitization
no data availableGerm cell mutagenicity
no data availableCarcinogenicity
no data availableReproductive toxicity
no data availableSTOT-single exposure
no data availableSTOT-repeated exposure
no data availableAspiration hazard
no data available12.Ecological information 12.1 Toxicity
- Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Pimephales promelas (Fathead minnow) age 29-30 days, length 18.2 mm, weight 0.106 g; Conditions: freshwater, flow through, 24.3°C, pH 7.4, hardness 45.0 mg/L CaCO3, alkalinity 37.0 mg/L CaCO3, dissolved oxygen 6.7 mg/L; Concentration: 230000 ug/L for 96 hr (95% confidence interval: 220000-250000 ug/L) /99+% purity
- Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: EC50; Species: Daphnia magna (Water Flea); Conditions: freshwater, renewal, 25°C, pH >7; Concentration: 2306000 ug/L for 24 hr; Effect: behvior equilibrium /formulation
- Toxicity to algae: EC50; Species: Chlorococcales (Green Algae Order); Conditions: freshwater, static; Concentration: 4300000 ug/L for 24 hr; Effect: physiology, assimilation efficiency /formulation
- Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available
AEROBIC: Ethyl acetate, present at 100 mg/L, reached 95% of its theoretical BOD in 2 weeks using an activated sludge inoculum at 30 mg/L in the Japanese MITI test(1). A review concluded that ethyl acetate is easily removed by biological treatment(2). Reported 5 day BOD values using a sewage inoculum range from 36-68% of theoretical(3-6) with the value being somewhat reduced in salt water(3). One investigator reported that ethyl acetate was completely degraded in 20 hr using activated sludge(7). In a bench-scale continuous-flow activated sludge reactor with an 8 hour retention time, 99.9% removal including 17% volatilization loss) was obtained, with 80% of the theoretical BOD(8). Ethyl acetate was 90% biooxidized in a 20-day BOD test using a filtered raw sewage seed; it was biooxidized 77% in a 28-day OECD closed-bottle test(9). A screening procedure that was systematically applied to a large number of organic chemicals ranked ethyl acetate as being completely biodegraded in a short time by general microorganisms(10). After a 5 hr lag, 43 to 53% of theoretical BOD was obtained in 50 to 70 hr(10). In screening tests, ethyl acetate, present at a concentration of 5 ppm, reached 26.6 and 57.1% of its theoretical BOD in 5 days using the standard dilution method and seawater dilution method, respectively(11). 99.9% removal of ethyl acetate was observed in a complete mix continuous-flow activated sludge system; 93% of this removal was attributed to biodegradation(12).12.3 Bioaccumulative potential
An estimated BCF of 3 was calculated for ethyl acetate(SRC), using a log Kow of 0.73(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).12.4 Mobility in soil
The Koc of ethyl acetate is estimated as 18(SRC), using a log Kow of 0.73(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this estimated Koc value suggests that ethyl acetate is expected to have very high mobility in soil(SRC). A log Ki (snow surface/air (cu m/sq m)) of -3.69 has been reported for sorption to snow(4).12.5 Other adverse effects
no data available13.Disposal considerations 13.1 Disposal methods Product
The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.Contaminated packaging
Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.14.Transport information 14.1 UN Number
|ADR/RID: UN1173||IMDG: UN1173||IATA: UN1173|
|ADR/RID: ETHYL ACETATE|
|IMDG: ETHYL ACETATE|
|IATA: ETHYL ACETATE|
|ADR/RID: 3||IMDG: 3||IATA: 3|
|ADR/RID: II||IMDG: II||IATA: II|
|ADR/RID: no||IMDG: no||IATA: no|
no data available14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code
no data available15.Regulatory information 15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question
|Chemical name||Common names and synonyms||CAS number||EC number|
|ethyl acetate||ethyl acetate||141-78-6||none|
|European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS)||Listed.|
|United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory||Listed.|
|China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015||Listed.|
|New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC)||Listed.|
|Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS)||Listed.|
|Vietnam National Chemical Inventory||Listed.|
|Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC)||Listed.|
|Creation Date||Aug 10, 2017|
|Revision Date||Aug 10, 2017|
- CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
- ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
- RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
- IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
- IATA: International Air Transportation Association
- TWA: Time Weighted Average
- STEL: Short term exposure limit
- LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
- LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
- EC50: Effective Concentration 50%
- IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
- HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
- IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
- eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
- CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
- ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
- ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
- Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
- ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/