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六偏磷酸钠

英文名称:Sodium Metaphosphate

防腐剂 贵金属催化剂 化学药物 前处理剂
CAS : 10124-56-8 精确质量 : 611.69000
分子式 : Na6O18P6 logP : 3.28080
分子量 : 611.77000 PSA : 387.19000

基本信息

纠错
中文名称:
六偏磷酸钠
中文别名:

格腊哈姆盐

英文名称:
Sodium Metaphosphate
英文别名:

Sodium hexametaphoshpate;

Sodium metaphosphate;

CAS号:
10124-56-8
分子式:
Na6O18P6
分子量:
611.77000
精确质量:
611.69000
PSA:
387.19000
LogP:
3.28080

物化性质

纠错
外观与性状:
白色粒状的固体
密度:
2.181
熔点:
616℃
折射率:
1.482

安全信息

纠错
  • 海关编码:2835391900
  • 安全说明:S24/25

生产方法及用途

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生产方法

将氢氧化钠加入磷酸,在540~580℃下加热脱水约2h,所得者为稳定态的I型(Na:P=5
:3);如先加热至620℃熔融,然后在550℃下脱水,再在空气中冷却至100~150'℃,所得者为亚稳定态的Ⅱ型。

用途

在食品工业中作为品质改良剂、PH调节剂、金属离子螯合剂、粘合剂和膨胀剂。在豆类、罐头、豆沙馅料中能稳定天然色素,保持色泽;在罐头中可使脂肪乳化,保持质地均匀;用于肉类罐头和肉制品可提高保水性,防止脂肪变质。加入啤酒中,能澄清酒液,防止混浊。是优良的水质无沉淀的软水剂。在水产品加工中起着保水、膨胀和漂白的作用。

  • MSDS
纠错
Name: Sodium Metaphosphate Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Metaphosphoric Acid Hexasodium Salt; Sodium Hexametaphosphate
CAS: 10124-56-8
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Sodium Metaphosphate Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Metaphosphoric Acid Hexasodium Salt; Sodium Hexametaphosphate

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
10124-56-8 Sodium Metaphosphate app.100 233-343-1
Hazard Symbols: None Listed.
Risk Phrases: None Listed.

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Not available.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
May cause eye irritation.
Skin:
May cause skin irritation.
Ingestion:
May cause irritation of the digestive tract.
Inhalation:
May cause respiratory tract irritation.
Chronic:
No information found.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Skin:
Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
Extinguishing Media:
For small fires, use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide or chemical foam. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing.
Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Storage:
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits CAS# 10124-56-8: Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Solid
Color: colorless to white
Odor: odorless
pH: 6.0-7.7 solution.
Vapor Pressure: Not applicable.
Viscosity: Not applicable.
Boiling Point: Not applicable.
Freezing/Melting Point: 1184 deg F
Autoignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Flash Point: Not applicable.
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature: Not available.
Solubility in water: Soluble in water.
Specific Gravity/Density: 2.181
Molecular Formula: Na6P6O18
Molecular Weight: 611.7708

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, dust generation, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Oxidizing agents.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Oxides of phosphorus, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, toxic fumes of sodium oxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 10124-56-8: OY3675000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 10124-56-8: Oral, mouse: LD50 = 4320 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 6200 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Sodium Metaphosphate - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
 

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Products which are considered hazardous for supply are classified as Special Waste and the disposal of such chemicals is covered by regulations which may vary according to location. Contact a specialist disposal company or the local waste regulator for advice. Empty containers must be decontaminated before returning for recycling.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
Hazard Class:
UN Number:
Packing Group:
IMO
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
Hazard Class:
UN Number:
Packing Group:
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
Hazard Class:
UN Number:
Packing group:
USA RQ: CAS# 10124-56-8: 5000 lb final RQ (Listed under Sodium phosphate, tribas

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: Not available.
Risk Phrases:
Safety Phrases:
S 24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 10124-56-8: 1
Canada
CAS# 10124-56-8 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 10124-56-8 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 10124-56-8 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

海关数据

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中国海关编码:

2835391900

图谱

红外图谱(IR)
IR : KBr disc展开
IR : KBr disc收起

更多六偏磷酸钠图谱参考资料

毒性

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
OY3675000
CHEMICAL NAME :
Metaphosphoric acid, hexasodium salt
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
10124-56-8
LAST UPDATED :
199710
DATA ITEMS CITED :
10
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
O18-P6.6Na
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
611.76
WISWESSER LINE NOTATION :
NA6 P-O3*6

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
6200 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Peripheral Nerve and Sensation - flaccid paralysis without anesthesia (usually neuromuscular blockage) Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Behavioral - convulsions or effect on seizure threshold
REFERENCE :
GISAAA Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. (V/O Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga, 113095 Moscow, USSR) V.1- 1936- Volume(issue)/page/year: 38(9),19,1973
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
4320 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Peripheral Nerve and Sensation - flaccid paralysis without anesthesia (usually neuromuscular blockage) Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Behavioral - convulsions or effect on seizure threshold
REFERENCE :
GISAAA Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. (V/O Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga, 113095 Moscow, USSR) V.1- 1936- Volume(issue)/page/year: 38(9),19,1973
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
870 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis)
REFERENCE :
REPMBN Revue d'Epidemiologie, Medecine Sociale et Sante Publique. (Masson Editeur, 120 Blvd. Saint-Germain, F-75280 Paris Cedex O6, France) V.1- 1953- Volume(issue)/page/year: 10,391,1962
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
1300 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
ARZNAD Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. (Editio Cantor Verlag, Postfach 1255, W-7960 Aulendorf, Fed. Rep. Ger.) V.1- 1951- Volume(issue)/page/year: 7,445,1957
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
62 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
ARZNAD Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. (Editio Cantor Verlag, Postfach 1255, W-7960 Aulendorf, Fed. Rep. Ger.) V.1- 1951- Volume(issue)/page/year: 7,445,1957
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
140 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
AEPPAE Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. (Berlin, Ger.) V.110-253, 1925-66. For publisher information, see NSAPCC. Volume(issue)/page/year: 169,238,1933 *** NIOSH STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT AND SURVEILLANCE DATA *** NIOSH OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY DATA : NOHS - National Occupational Hazard Survey (1974) NOHS Hazard Code - 69055 No. of Facilities: 17963 (estimated) No. of Industries: 159 No. of Occupations: 96 No. of Employees: 116515 (estimated) NOES - National Occupational Exposure Survey (1983) NOES Hazard Code - 69055 No. of Facilities: 17103 (estimated) No. of Industries: 154 No. of Occupations: 112 No. of Employees: 229447 (estimated) No. of Female Employees: 69475 (estimated)

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