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乙二醇

英文名称:Ethylene glycol

表面活性剂 肥皂类 工业催化剂 建筑涂料
CAS : 107-21-1 精确质量 : 62.03680
分子式 : C2H6O2 logP : -1.02900
分子量 : 62.06780 PSA : 40.46000
摩贝参考价:
¥5300.00/ton (北京)
¥5400.00/ton (吉林)
¥5200.00/ton (江苏)
查看更多价格

参考价:部分产品价格来源于摩贝行情
频道;部分产品价格基于供应商的报价
进行科学计算所得。

基本信息

纠错
中文名称:
乙二醇
中文别名:

1,2-亚乙基二醇;

次乙基甘醇;

乙撑二醇;

甘醇;

英文名称:
Ethylene glycol
英文别名:

1,2-dihydroxy ethane;

1,2-Ethanediol;

1,2-Dihydroxyethane;

Ethane-1,2-diol;

2-hydroxy ethanol;

CAS号:
107-21-1
分子式:
C2H6O2
分子量:
62.06780
精确质量:
62.03680
PSA:
40.46000

物化性质

纠错
外观与性状:
透明粘性液体
密度:
1.220 g/mL at 25 °C
熔点:
-13 °C(lit.)
凝固点:
-11.5℃
沸点:
196-198 °C(lit.)
闪点:
230 °F
折射率:
n20/D 1.431(lit.)
水溶解性:
miscible
储存条件:
库房通风低温干燥
蒸汽密度:
2.1 (vs air)

安全信息

纠错
  • 海关编码:2905310000
  • 危险品运输编码:UN 1219 3/PG 2
  • WGK Germany:3
  • 危险类别码:R22
  • 安全说明:S26
  • RTECS号:KW2975000
  • 危险品标志:Xn

生产方法及用途

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生产方法

1. 氯乙醇法以氯乙醇为原料在碱性介质中水解而得,该反应在100℃下进行,先生成环氧乙烷,而后在1.0
1 MPa压力下加压水解生成乙二醇。
2. 环氧乙烷水合法环氧乙烷水合法有直接水合法和催化水合法,水合过程在常压下进行也可在加压下进行。常压水合法一般采用少量无机酸为催化剂,在50~70℃进行反应。直接水合法: 催化水合法: 加压水合法环氧乙烷与水的摩尔比要较高,在1∶6以上,以减少生成醚的副反应,该反应的温度在150℃,压力147kPa.水合得到乙二醇。...

用途

主要用于制造树脂、增塑剂,合成纤维、化妆品,并用作溶剂、配制发动机的抗冻剂。

合成路线

查看更多 总计:508合成路线
  • 773101-17-0

    2-(2-hydroxy-5-methoxyphenyl)-1,3-dioxolane

  • ~99%

  • 672-13-9

    2-羟基-5-甲氧基苯甲醛

  • 107-21-1

    乙二醇

详细>>
  • 96-49-1

    碳酸亚乙酯

  • 67-56-1

    甲醇

  • ~99%

  • 107-21-1

    乙二醇

  • 616-38-6

    碳酸二甲酯

详细>>
  • 96-49-1

    碳酸亚乙酯

  • 67-56-1

    甲醇

  • ~99%

  • 107-21-1

    乙二醇

  • 616-38-6

    碳酸二甲酯

详细>>

上下游产品

上游产品总计:5下游产品总计:5
上游产品 总计:225 查看更多
下游产品 总计:1426 查看更多
  • MSDS
纠错
第一部分:化学品名称
化学品中文名称:乙二醇;甘醇
化学品英文名称:Ethylene glycol
中文俗名或商品名: 
Synonyms: 
CAS No.:107-21-1
分子式:C2H602
分子量:62.07
第二部分:成分/组成信息
             纯化学品  混合物
             化学品名称:乙二醇;甘醇
有害物成分含量CAS No.
乙二醇100%107-21-1
第三部分:危险性概述
危险性类别: 
侵入途径:吸入 食入 经皮吸收
健康危害:国内未见本品急慢性中毒报道。国外的急性中毒多系因误报。吸入中毒表现为反复发作性昏厥,并可有眼球震颤,淋巴细胞增多。口服后急性中毒分三个阶段;第一阶段主要为中枢神经系统症状,轻者似乙醇中毒表现,重者迅速产生昏迷抽搐,最后死亡;第二阶段,心肺症状明显,严重病例可有肺水肿,支气管肺炎,心力衰竭,第三阶段主要表现为不同程度肾功能衰竭。人的本品一次口服致死量估计为1.4ml/kg(1.56g/kg)。
环境危害: 
燃爆危险:本品可燃。
第四部分:急救措施
皮肤接触:脱去污染的衣着,用流动清水冲洗。
眼睛接触:立即翻开上下眼睑,用流动清水冲洗15分钟。
吸入:迅速脱离现场至空气新鲜处。立即就医。
食入:误服者用大量水或饱和苏打水洗胃。就医。
第五部分:消防措施
危险特性:遇明火、高热或与氧化剂接触,有引起燃烧爆炸的危险。若遇高热,容器内压增大,有开裂和爆炸的危险。
有害燃烧产物:一氧化碳、二氧化碳。
灭火方法及灭火剂:尽可能将容器从火场移至空旷处。喷水保持火场容器冷却,直至灭火结束。处在火场中的容器若已变色或从安全泄压装置中产生声音,必须马上撤离。灭火剂:雾状水、泡沫、干粉、二氧化碳、砂土。
消防员的个体防护: 
禁止使用的灭火剂: 
闪点(℃):110
自燃温度(℃): 
爆炸下限[%(V/V)]:3.2
爆炸上限[%(V/V)]:15.3
最小点火能(mJ): 
爆燃点: 
爆速: 
最大燃爆压力(MPa): 
建规火险分级: 
第六部分:泄漏应急处理
应急处理:迅速撤离泄漏污染区人员至安全区,并进行隔离,严格限制出入。切断火源。建议应急处理人员戴自吸过滤式防毒面具(全面罩),穿一般作业工作服。尽可能切断泄漏源。防止流入下水道、排洪沟等限制性空间。小量泄漏:用砂土、蛭石或其它惰性材料吸收。也可以用不燃性分散剂制成的乳液刷洗,洗液稀释后放入废水系统。大量泄漏:构筑围堤或挖坑收容。用泵转移至槽车或专用收集器内,回收或运至废物处理场所处置。
第七部分:操作处置与储存
操作注意事项:密闭操作,提供良好的自然通风条件。操作人员必须经过专门培训,严格遵守操作规程。建议操作人员佩戴自吸过滤式防毒面具(半面罩),戴化学安全防护眼镜,戴防化学品手套。远离火种、热源,工作场所严禁吸烟。使用防爆型的通风系统和设备。防止蒸气泄漏到工作场所空气中。避免与氧化剂、酸类接触。搬运时轻装轻卸,保持包装完整,防止洒漏。配备相应品种和数量的消防器材及泄漏应急处理设备。倒空的容器可能残留有害物。
储存注意事项:储存于阴凉、通风的库房。远离火种、热源。应与氧化剂、酸类分开存放,切忌混储。配备相应品种和数量的消防器材。储区应备有泄漏应急处理设备和合适的收容材料。
第八部分:接触控制/个体防护
最高容许浓度:中国MAC(mg/m3): 20 苏联MAC:5mg/m3美国TLVWN: ACGIH 100mg/m3[上限值]
监测方法:气相色谱法
工程控制:提供良好的自然通风条件。
呼吸系统防护:一般不需要特殊防护,高浓度接触时可佩带自给式呼吸器。
眼睛防护:必要时戴安全防护眼镜。
身体防护:穿工作服。
手防护:必要时戴防化学品手套。
其他防护:工作后,淋浴更衣。避免长期反复接触。定期体检。
第九部分:理化特性
外观与性状:无色、无臭、有甜味、粘稠液体。
pH: 
熔点(℃):-13.2
沸点(℃):197.5
相对密度(水=1):1.11
相对蒸气密度(空气=1):2.14
饱和蒸气压(kPa):6.21(20℃)
燃烧热(kJ/mol):281.9
临界温度(℃): 
临界压力(MPa): 
辛醇/水分配系数的对数值: 
闪点(℃):110
引燃温度(℃): 
爆炸上限%(V/V):15.3
爆炸下限%(V/V):3.2
分子式:C2H602
分子量:62.07
蒸发速率: 
粘性: 
溶解性:与水混溶,可混溶于乙醇、醚等。
主要用途:用于制造树脂、增塑剂、合成纤维、化妆品和炸药,并用作溶剂、配制发动机的抗冻剂。
第十部分:稳定性和反应活性
稳定性:在常温常压下 稳定
禁配物:强氧化剂、强酸。
避免接触的条件: 
聚合危害:不能出现
分解产物:一氧化碳、二氧化碳。
第十一部分:毒理学资料
急性毒性:属低毒类 LD50:小鼠经口:8.0-15.3g/kg,大鼠经口:5.9-13.4g/kg LC50:
急性中毒: 
慢性中毒: 
亚急性和慢性毒性: 
刺激性: 
致敏性: 
致突变性: 
致畸性: 
致癌性: 
第十二部分:生态学资料
生态毒理毒性: 
生物降解性: 
非生物降解性: 
生物富集或生物积累性: 
第十三部分:废弃处置
废弃物性质: 
废弃处置方法:用焚烧法处置。
废弃注意事项: 
第十四部分:运输信息
 
 
危险货物编号: 
UN编号: 
包装标志: 
包装类别: 
包装方法: 
运输注意事项:储存于阴凉、通风仓间内。远离火种、热源。防止阳光直射。保持容器密封。应与氧化剂、酸类分开存放。搬运时轻装轻卸,保持包装完整,防止洒漏。
RETCS号: 
IMDG规则页码: 
第十五部分:法规信息
国内化学品安全管理法规: 
国际化学品安全管理法规: 
第十六部分:其他信息
参考文献:1.周国泰,化学危险品安全技术全书,化学工业出版社,1997 2.国家环保局有毒化学品管理办公室、北京化工研究院合编,化学品毒性法规环境数据手册,中国环境科学出版社.1992 3.Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety,CHEMINFO Database.1998 4.Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, RTECS Database, 1989
填表时间:年月日
填表部门: 
数据审核单位: 
修改说明: 
其他信息:3
MSDS修改日期:年月日

海关数据

查看详细

中国海关编码:

2905310000

概述:

HS:2905310000 1,2-乙二醇 增值税率:17.0% 退税率:9.0% 监管条件:无 最低关税:5.5% 普通关税:30.0%

申报要素:

品名, 成分含量, 用途, 包装

Summary:

HS:2905310000 ethane-1,2-diol VAT:17.0% Tax rebate rate:9.0% Supervision conditions:none MFN tariff:5.5% General tariff:30.0%

图谱

核磁图谱
13C NMR : in CDCl3展开
13C NMR : in CDCl3收起

ppm   Int.  Assign. 
        63.71  1000     1 

1H NMR : in CDCl3展开
1H NMR : in CDCl3收起

Assign.     Shift(ppm) 
     A          3.716
     B           3.17

     Assigned with HMQC and HMBC. 

红外图谱(IR)
gas展开

State:gas

LIQUID (NEAT)展开
LIQUID (NEAT)收起

State:LIQUID (NEAT)
Instrument:DOW KBr FOREPRISM-GRATING
Path length:CAPILLARY SPECTRAL CONTAMINATION DUE TO H2O AROUND 1650 CM-1
Resoulution:4

IR : liquid film展开
IR : liquid film收起

质谱(MS/Mass)
Mass 展开
Mass 收起

Source Temperature: 260 °C
   Sample Temperature: 190 °C
   RESERVOIR, 75 eV

拉曼光谱(Raman)
Raman : 4880 A,150M,liquid展开
Raman : 4880 A,150M,liquid收起

更多乙二醇图谱参考资料

毒性

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
KW2975000
CHEMICAL NAME :
Ethylene glycol
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
107-21-1
LAST UPDATED :
199712
DATA ITEMS CITED :
107
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
C2-H6-O2
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
62.08
WISWESSER LINE NOTATION :
Q2Q

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration into the eye
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
TYPE OF TEST :
Open irritation test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration into the eye
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration into the eye
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration into the eye
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration into the eye
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
15 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Peripheral Nerve and Sensation - sensory change involving peripheral nerve Gastrointestinal - ulceration or bleeding from small intestine Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - renal function tests depressed
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
1195 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Peripheral Nerve and Sensation - sensory change involving peripheral nerve Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - renal function tests depressed
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - child
DOSE/DURATION :
5500 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - general anesthetic Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - respiratory stimulation Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - other changes
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human
DOSE/DURATION :
786 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - convulsions or effect on seizure threshold Behavioral - coma Gastrointestinal - hypermotility, diarrhea
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human
DOSE/DURATION :
398 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - headache Gastrointestinal - nausea or vomiting Liver - other changes
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human
DOSE/DURATION :
10000 mg/m3
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Sense Organs and Special Senses (Eye) - lacrimation Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - cough Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - other changes
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
16 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - coma Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - renal function tests depressed Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - metabolic acidosis
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Unreported
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
1637 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
4700 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LC50 - Lethal concentration, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
10876 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
5010 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
2800 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
3260 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intramuscular
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
3300 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Behavioral - coma Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - respiratory stimulation
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Unreported
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
13 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Behavioral - excitement Gastrointestinal - nausea or vomiting
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
5500 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LC - Lethal concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
>200 mg/m3/2H
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
5614 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - chronic pulmonary edema Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in both tubules and glomeruli Blood - changes in spleen
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
2700 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
3 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Unreported
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
8050 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Behavioral - excitement Gastrointestinal - nausea or vomiting
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - dog
DOSE/DURATION :
5500 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - other changes Endocrine - hypoglycemia
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - cat
DOSE/DURATION :
1650 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - other changes Endocrine - hypoglycemia
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - cat
DOSE/DURATION :
2 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - convulsions or effect on seizure threshold Behavioral - muscle weakness Blood - other changes
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
9530 uL/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
1 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
5 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Behavioral - tremor Behavioral - convulsions or effect on seizure threshold
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intramuscular
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
5500 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Behavioral - coma Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - respiratory stimulation
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Unreported
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
5017 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Behavioral - excitement Gastrointestinal - nausea or vomiting
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
6610 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Gastrointestinal - other changes Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - other changes
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
5 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Unreported
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
11150 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Behavioral - excitement Gastrointestinal - nausea or vomiting
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
438 gm/kg/2Y-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - fluid intake Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis) Related to Chronic Data - death
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
85230 mg/kg/90D-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in bladder weight Blood - changes in serum composition (e.g. TP, bilirubin, cholesterol) Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - changes in phosphorus
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
12 mL/kg/6D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - changes in calcium Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - changes in phosphorus Biochemical - Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels - phosphatases
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
26150 mg/kg/10D-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis) Blood - changes in serum composition (e.g. TP, bilirubin, cholesterol) Biochemical - Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels - dehydrogenases
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
8400 ug/m3/24H/12W-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Brain and Coverings - changes in brain weight Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - urine volume decreased Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - weight loss or decreased weight gain
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
12 mg/m3/8H/90D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Sense Organs and Special Senses (Eye) - corneal damage Related to Chronic Data - death
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
1 mg/m3/32W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - other changes Liver - liver function tests impaired Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
546 gm/kg/13W-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Liver - hepatitis (hepatocellular necrosis), zonal Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis) Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - weight loss or decreased weight gain
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
1081 gm/kg/2Y-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Liver - hepatitis (hepatocellular necrosis), zonal Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Primate - monkey
DOSE/DURATION :
5751 gm/kg/22W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis)
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
12 mg/m3/8H/90D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Sense Organs and Special Senses (Eye) - corneal damage Sense Organs and Special Senses (Eye) - effect, not otherwise specified Related to Chronic Data - death
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
50 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 6-15 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - skin and skin appendages Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - musculoskeletal system Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - blood and lymphatic systems (including spleen and marrow)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
8580 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 6-15 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetotoxicity (except death, e.g., stunted fetus) Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - musculoskeletal system
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
12500 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 6-15 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - craniofacial (including nose and tongue) Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - musculoskeletal system
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
25 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 6-15 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - uterus, cervix, vagina Reproductive - Fertility - litter size (e.g. # fetuses per litter; measured before birth) Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetotoxicity (except death, e.g., stunted fetus)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
50 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 6-15 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - post-implantation mortality (e.g. dead and/or resorbed implants per total number of implants)
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
DOSE :
2500 mg/m3/6H
SEX/DURATION :
female 6-15 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - other effects Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - musculoskeletal system Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - other developmental abnormalities
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
7500 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 6-15 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetotoxicity (except death, e.g., stunted fetus) Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - musculoskeletal system
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
7500 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 6-15 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - craniofacial (including nose and tongue) Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - musculoskeletal system
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
84 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 1-21 day(s) after conception lactating female 21 day(s) post-birth
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - live birth index (measured after birth) Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - growth statistics (e.g.%, reduced weight gain) Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - delayed effects
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
88720 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 7-14 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - post-implantation mortality (e.g. dead and/or resorbed implants per total number of implants) Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - stillbirth Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - live birth index (measured after birth)
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
15 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 6-15 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - uterus, cervix, vagina Reproductive - Fertility - pre-implantation mortality (e.g. reduction in number of implants per female; total number of implants per corpora lutea) Reproductive - Fertility - other measures of fertility
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
DOSE :
1000 mg/m3/6H
SEX/DURATION :
female 6-15 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - uterus, cervix, vagina Reproductive - Maternal Effects - other effects Reproductive - Fertility - pre-implantation mortality (e.g. reduction in number of implants per female; total number of implants per corpora lutea)
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
DOSE :
1000 mg/m3/6H
SEX/DURATION :
female 6-15 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - post-implantation mortality (e.g. dead and/or resorbed implants per total number of implants) Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetotoxicity (except death, e.g., stunted fetus) Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - sex ratio
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
DOSE :
2100 mg/m3/6H
SEX/DURATION :
female 6-15 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - other effects Reproductive - Fertility - pre-implantation mortality (e.g. reduction in number of implants per female; total number of implants per corpora lutea) Reproductive - Fertility - post-implantation mortality (e.g. dead and/or resorbed implants per total number of implants)
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
DOSE :
2100 mg/m3/6H
SEX/DURATION :
female 6-15 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Fertility - litter size (e.g. # fetuses per litter; measured before birth) Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetotoxicity (except death, e.g., stunted fetus) Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - musculoskeletal system
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
28 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 6-19 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - other effects
TYPE OF TEST :
Cytogenetic analysis

MUTATION DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
Mutation in mammalian somatic cells
TEST SYSTEM :
Rodent - mouse Lymphocyte
DOSE/DURATION :
100 mmol/L
REFERENCE :
PAACA3 Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research. (Waverly Press, 428 E. Preston St., Baltimore, MD 21202) V.1- 1954- Volume(issue)/page/year: 21,74,1980 *** REVIEWS *** ACGIH TLV-Not classifiable as a human carcinogen DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996 Volume(issue)/page/year: TLV/BEI,1997 ACGIH TLV-CL 100 mg/m3 DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996 Volume(issue)/page/year: TLV/BEI,1997 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW AJMEAZ American Journal of Medicine. (Technical Pub., 875 Third Ave., New York, NY 10022) V.1- 1946- Volume(issue)/page/year: 38,409,1965 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW FAATDF Fundamental and Applied Toxicology. (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E. First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.1- 1981- Volume(issue)/page/year: 13,747,1989 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW REPTED Reproductive Toxicology. (Pergamon Press Inc., Maxwell House, Fairview Park, Elmsford, NY 10523) V.1- 1987- Volume(issue)/page/year: 8,99,1994 *** U.S. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS *** EPA FIFRA 1988 PESTICIDE SUBJECT TO REGISTRATION OR RE-REGISTRATION FEREAC Federal Register. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) V.1- 1936- Volume(issue)/page/year: 54,7740,1989 MSHA STANDARD-air:TWA 10 mg/m3 (particulate) DTLWS* "Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values for Substances in Workroom Air," Supplements. For publisher information, see 85INA8. Volume(issue)/page/year: 3,19,1973 *** OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS *** OEL-AUSTRALIA:TWA 60 mg/m3;STEL 120 mg/m3 JAN 1993 OEL-BELGIUM:STEL 50 ppm (127 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-DENMARK:STEL 50 ppm (130 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-DENMARK:TWA 10 mg/m3 JAN 1993 OEL-FINLAND:TWA 10 mg/m3;STEL 20 mg/m3 JAN 1993 OEL-FINLAND:TWA 50 ppm (125 mg/m3);STEL 75 ppm (190 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-FRANCE:STEL 50 ppm (125 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-HUNGARY:STEL 50 mg/m3;Skin JAN 1993 OEL-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 10 mg/m3 JAN 1993 OEL-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 50 ppm (125 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-RUSSIA:STEL 5 mg/m3 JAN 1993 OEL-SWEDEN:TWA 50 ppm (130 mg/m3);STEL 75 ppm (190 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-SWITZERLAND:TWA 1 mg/m3 JAN 1993 OEL-SWITZERLAND:TWA 50 ppm (125 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TWA 10 mg/m3 JAN 1993 OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TWA 60 mg/m3;STEL 125 mg/m3 JAN 1993 OEL IN BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN, KOREA check ACGIH TLV OEL IN NEW ZEALAND, SINGAPORE, VIETNAM check ACGIH TLV *** NIOSH STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT AND SURVEILLANCE DATA *** NIOSH OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY DATA : NOHS - National Occupational Hazard Survey (1974) NOHS Hazard Code - 32385 No. of Facilities: 69314 (estimated) No. of Industries: 308 No. of Occupations: 174 No. of Employees: 743782 (estimated) NOES - National Occupational Exposure Survey (1983) NOES Hazard Code - 32385 No. of Facilities: 102395 (estimated) No. of Industries: 340 No. of Occupations: 214 No. of Employees: 1511087 (estimated) No. of Female Employees: 446607 (estimated)

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